- 1. Name of the medicinal product
- 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
- 3. Pharmaceutical form
- 4. Clinical particulars
- 4.1 Therapeutic indications
- 4.2 Posology and method of administration
- 4.3 Contraindications
- 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
- 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
- 4.6. Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
- 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
- 4.8 Undesirable effects
- 4.9 Overdose
- 5. Pharmacological properties
- 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
- 5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
- 5.3 Preclinical safety data
- 6. Pharmaceutical particulars
- 6.1 List of excipients
- 6.2 Incompatibilities
- 6.3 Shelf life
- 6.4 Special precautions for storage
- 6.5 Nature and contents of container
- 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
- 7. Marketing authorisation holder
- 8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
- 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
- 10. Date of revision of the text
|a)||All dermatomycoses due to dermatophytes (e.g. Trichophyton species), moulds and other fungi.|
|b)||All dermatomycoses due to yeasts (Candida species).|
|c)||Skin diseases showing secondary infection with these fungi.|
|d)||The treatment of nappy rash where infection due to Candida albicans is present. Candidal vulvitis, candidal balanitis and candidal intertrigo.|
Posology:Canesten HC Cream should be thinly and evenly applied to the affected area twice daily and rubbed in gently. Treatment should be for a maximum of 7 days.A total daily dose of 10 mg cream per kg body weight should not be exceeded. For an adult weighing 50 kg the maximum daily dose is 500 mg cream which equals approximately 2 cm of cream to be divided into 2 applications per day.There is no separate dosage schedule for the elderly or the young. However, long-term therapy to extensive areas of skin should be avoided particularly in infants and children.
Treatment duration:If the acute symptoms have subsided after about 7 days but treatment is still required, this may be carried out with the corticoid-free preparation intended for this purpose.
Fertility:No human studies of the effects of clotrimazole on fertility have been performed; however, animal studies have not demonstrated any effects of the drug on fertility. No data is available on the effects of topically applied hydrocortisone.
Pregnancy:There is a limited amount of data from the use of clotrimazole or hydrocortisone in pregnant women. Animal studies with clotrimazole and corticosteroids have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3). At the low systemic exposures of clotrimazole and hydrocortisone following topical treatment, harmful effects with respect to reproductive toxicity are not predicted.Canesten HC cream can be used during pregnancy, but only under the supervision of a physician or midwife. As a precautionary measure it is preferable to refrain from applying the cream for long periods during pregnancy.
Lactation:Available pharmacodynamic/toxicological data in animals have shown excretion of clotrimazole/metabolites in milk after intravenous administration (see section 5.3).No data on hydrocortisone is available, but topically applied hydrocortisone is unlikely to cause systematic effects due to the low percutaneous penetration. However, cutaneous absorption may be increased under certain circumstances, such as with use of occlusive dressing, the degree of skin damage, and the size of the treated area. A risk to the suckling child cannot be excluded. A decision must be made whether to discontinue breast-feeding or to discontinue Canesten HC therapy taking into account the benefit of breast-feeding for the child and the benefit of therapy for the woman.
Mechanism of ActionClotrimazole:Clotrimazole acts against fungi by inhibiting ergosterol synthesis. Inhibition of ergosterol synthesis leads to structural and functional impairment of the fungal cytoplasmic membrane.Clotrimazole has a broad antimycotic spectrum of action in vitro and in vivo, which includes dermatophytes, yeasts, moulds, etc.Under appropriate test conditions, the MIC values for these types of fungi are in the region of less than 0.062-8.0 µg/ml substrate. The mode of action of clotrimazole is fungistatic or fungicidal depending on the concentration of clotrimazole at the site of infection. In vitro activity is limited to proliferating fungal elements; fungal spores are only slightly sensitive.In addition to its antimycotic action, clotrimazole also acts on gram-positive microorganisms (Streptococci / Staphylococci / Gardnerella vaginalis), and gram-negative microorganisms (Bacteroides).In vitro clotrimazole inhibits the multiplication of Corynebacteria and gram-positive cocci - with the exception of Enterococci in concentrations of 0.5-10 µg/ml substrate.Primary resistant variants of sensitive fungal species are very rare; the development of secondary resistance by sensitive fungi has so far only been observed in very isolated cases under therapeutic conditions.Hydrocortisone:Hydrocortisone is a weak corticosteroid with both glucocorticoid and to a lesser extent mineralocorticoid activity. As the active ingredient in a topical cream it exerts antiphlogistic, antipruriginous, antiexudative and antiallergic effects. Hydrocortisone, like other topically applied glucocorticoids, exerts an antiinflammatory, antiallergenic, immunosuppressive, antimitotic (antiproliferative), antipruriginous and vasoconstrictive effect on skin. Thus, in addition to the elimination of inflammation and pruritis, a normalisation of keratinisation, inhibition of excess fibroblast activity and epidermopoiesis, degradation of pathological metabolic products and inhibition of acantholysis are achieved. However, this is not a curative therapy but rather a symptomatic treatment.
Clotrimazole:Pharmacokinetic investigations after dermal application have shown that clotrimazole is minimally absorbed from intact or inflamed skin into the human blood circulation. The resulting peak serum concentrations of clotrimazole were below the detection limit of 0.001 µg/ml, suggesting that clotrimazole applied topically in unlikely to lead to measurable systemic effects or side effects.
Hydrocortisone:Dermal absorption of hydrocortisone depends on the thickness and condition of the skin. In healthy skin no systemic effects of corticoids have been observed after local application. However, in the case of inflamed or damaged skin, cutaneous absorption may be increased depending on the site of application, use of occlusive dressings, the degree of skin damage, and size of the treated area. Systemic effects cannot be ruled out under such conditions. An increase in the skin temperature or moisture content, e.g. in skin folds or under an occlusive dressing, also promotes absorption. In infants and small children the epidermal "barrier" is still poorly developed, which facilitates transcutaneous uptake of drugs. The occurrence of systemic effects depends partly on the dose and, to a much greater extent, on the duration of treatment. More than 90% of the hydrocortisone absorbed is bound to plasma proteins. Hydrocortisone is metabolised in the liver and tissues, and the metabolites are excreted with urine. The biological half-life is approximately 100 minutes.No relevant absorption of hydrocortisone is expected after its use for a short period on limited skin inflamed areas.
Clotrimazole:Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on studies of repeated dose toxicity, genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. Clotrimazole was not teratogenic in reproductive toxicity studies in mice, rats and rabbits. In rats high oral doses were associated with maternal toxicity, embryotoxicity, reduced fetal weights and decreased pup survival.In rats clotrimazole and/or its metabolites were secreted into milk at levels higher than in plasma by a factor of 10 to 20 at 4 hrs after administration, followed by a decline to a factor of 0.4 by 24 hrs.
Hydrocortisone:As an adrenocortical hormone, hydrocortisone is classified as relatively non-toxic for topical use. Teratogenic effects of high doses of corticosteroids including cleft palate formation, growth retardation, and fetal mortality were observed after systemic use in animal studies.
Clotrimazole plus hydrocortisone:Non-clinical data based on acute and repeated dose toxicity studies reveal no special hazard to humans. In a 90-day repeated dose dermal study, effects were observed only at exposures considered sufficiently in excess of the maximum human exposure indicating little relevance to clinical use.
|Date of first authorisation:||14 February 1984|
|Date of renewal of authorisation:||19 November 1999|
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