- 1. Name of the medicinal product
- 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
- 3. Pharmaceutical form
- 4. Clinical particulars
- 4.1 Therapeutic indications
- 4.2 Posology and method of administration
- 4.3 Contraindications
- 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
- 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
- 4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
- 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
- 4.8 Undesirable effects
- 4.9 Overdose
- 5. Pharmacological properties
- 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
- 5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
- 5.3 Preclinical safety data
- 6. Pharmaceutical particulars
- 6.1 List of excipients
- 6.2 Incompatibilities
- 6.3 Shelf life
- 6.4 Special precautions for storage
- 6.5 Nature and contents of container
- 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
- 7. Marketing authorisation holder
- 8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
- 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
- 10. Date of revision of the text
1. Name of the medicinal product
Blistex Cold Sore cream
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Each gram of cream contains 100 mg of docosanol.Excipient: 50 mg propylene glycol/gram cream.For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1
3. Pharmaceutical form
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Treatment of early stages (prodrome or erythema phase) of recurrent labial herpes simplex infection (cold sores) in immunocompetent adults and adolescents (over 12 years old).
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Route of Administration: Cutaneous use
PosologyAdults and adolescents (12-18 years): Apply a thin film carefully over the entire cold sore 5 times a day (approximately every 3 hours during waking hours). Treatment must begin as soon as possible after the first cold sore symptoms or signs appear (pain, burning/itching/tingling or redness) as efficacy has not been demonstrated when the treatment is initiated at the stage of an already developed blister or ulcer.Treatment should continue until healing has occurred, usually 4 to 6 days, or for a maximum of 10 days.Elderly: No special dose recommendation.
Paediatric populationThe safety and efficacy of Blistex Cold Sore cream in children aged younger than 12 years have not been established (see section 4.4).Dosage in renal failure: No dose adjustments necessary due to negligible topical absorption.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance "docosanol" or to any of the excipients.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
Avoid application close to or in the eyes.This formulation contains propylene glycol and may cause skin irritation. The cream should not be used in immunocompromised patients.Treatment with the cream should not be initiated at the stage of an already developed blister or ulcer since no efficacy has been demonstrated at this point.
Paediatric populationThere is no treatment experience available for the use in children below the age of 12 years and only limited experience in adolescent (aged 12-18 years). It is recommended that the cream should not be used in children under 12 years.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
No interaction studies have been performed. Therefore, Blistex Cold Sore cream should not be used simultaneously with other topical products (medicines, cosmetic products, creams) at the same application site.
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
Fertility:There are no adequate data from the use of docosanol on fertility in humans.
PregnancyThere are no data from the use of docosanol in pregnant women. Animal studies do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to pregnancy, embryonal/fetal development, parturition or postnatal development. Since systemic exposure to docosanol is negligible, docosanol can be used during pregnancy.
LactationThere are no data from the use of docosanol in breast feeding women. No effects on the suckling child are anticipated since the systemic exposure of the breast-feeding woman to docosanol is negligible. Docosanol can be used during breast-feeding.
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
Due to its negligible absorption docosanol has no influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
4.8 Undesirable effects
Very common (≥1/10)Common (≥1/100 to <1/10)Uncommon (≥1,000 to <1/100)Rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000)Very rare (<1/10,000)not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).Results from clinical trials of the treatment of recurrent labial herpes simplex demonstrate no difference in the frequency or type of undesirable effects in patients treated with Blistex Cold Sore cream or placebo.
Facial oedema has also been reported but these application site adverse reactions are consistent with normal facial reactions experienced with cold sores.
|Nervous system disorders|
|Very common:||Headache (10.4% of docosanol-treated patients and 10.7% of placebo-treated patients).|
|General disorders and administration site conditions|
|Common:||Application site adverse reactions which include dry skin, rashes and skin disorders (2.9% of docosanol-treated patients and 2.3% of placebo-treated patients).|
Adverse reactions related to overdose by topical application of Blistex Cold Sore cream are unlikely because of negligible percutaneous absorption. Similarly, poor oral absorption makes the occurrence of adverse reactions unlikely following ingestion of docosanol.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Chemotherapeutics for topical use, antiviralsATC code: D06BB11The exact mechanism of the antiviral activity of docosanol is unknown. In vitro studies indicate that docosanol affects the fusion between the virus and the plasma membrane, which inhibits intracellular uptake and replication of virus. In vitro studies demonstrate that docosanol-treated cells resist infection by lipid-enveloped viruses such as HSV-1. Docosanol has no effect against non-enveloped viruses.Docosanol 10 % was compared to placebo (containing polyethylene glycol) in two randomised, double-blind, controlled clinical trials. In one study, 370 adults were randomised. Subjects started with treatment in the prodrome or erythema phase of an acute recurrence of orofacial herpes. The ITT population consisted of 183subjects for docosanol and 183 subjects for placebo. The median time to complete healing was 4.0 days in the docosanol group and 4.7 days in the placebo group a difference of 18.9 hours (p=0.0235; p=0.010 with covariate adjustment). In the second study, 373 adults were randomised. Subjects started with treatment in the prodrome or erythema phase of an acute recurrence of orofacial herpes. The ITT population consisted of 187 subjects for docosanol and 184 subjects for placebo. The median time to complete healing was 4.3 days in the docosanol group and 4.9 days in the placebo group a difference of 15.9 hours (p=0.1529; p=0,008 with covariate adjustment). In studies with treatment initiation at stages later than the prodromal or erythema stage, efficacy was not demonstrated.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Under conditions reflecting normal clinical use of Blistex Cold Sore cream, docosanol could not be quantified (limit of quantification, LOQ = 10 ng/ml) in the plasma of treated patients. Ten women with active labial herpes simplex were treated with Blistex Cold Sore cream. After a single dose on study day 1 and after multiple doses (five times daily, study days 2-3), blood samples were withdrawn up to 24 hours after treatment and analysed for docosanol. Of the 209 plasma samples analysed, the docosanol level was below the LOQ in 208 and exactly at the LOQ in one sample.Docosanol is metabolized to docosanoic acid, its major metabolite. Both docosanol and docosanoic acid are endogenous components of cell membranes in man, particularly in erythrocytes, brain, nerve myelin sheath, lung, and kidney.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
Preclinical data revealed no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety, pharmacology, repeated dose toxicity, genotoxicity and toxicity to reproduction.
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Sucrose stearates (mono and distearate)Light mineral oilPropylene glycolBenzyl alcoholPurified water
6.3 Shelf life
3 years.After first opening the container: 6 months.
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25°C.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
Epoxy-lined aluminium tubes closed with a LDPE screw cap.Pack sizes: 2 g, 5 g, and 15 gNot all pack sizes may be marketed.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
No special requirements.
7. Marketing authorisation holder
DDD LimitedWatfordHertfordshireWD18 7JJUnited Kingdom
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
14 November 2003/14 November 2008
10. Date of revision of the text
13 October 2011
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