- 1. Name of the medicinal product
- 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
- 3. Pharmaceutical form
- 4. Clinical particulars
- 4.1 Therapeutic indications
- 4.2 Posology and method of administration
- 4.3 Contraindications
- 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
- 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
- 4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
- 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
- 4.8 Undesirable effects
- 4.9 Overdose
- 5. Pharmacological properties
- 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
- 5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
- 5.3 Preclinical safety data
- 6. Pharmaceutical particulars
- 6.1 List of excipients
- 6.2 Incompatibilities
- 6.3 Shelf life
- 6.4 Special precautions for storage
- 6.5 Nature and contents of container
- 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
- 7. Marketing authorisation holder
- 8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
- 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
- 10. Date of revision of the text
1. Name of the medicinal product
MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour, concentrate for oral solution
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Each 25 ml of MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour contains the following active substances:
The concentration of electrolyte ions present when a 25 ml dose is made up to 125 ml of solution is as follows:
This corresponds to the following amount of each electrolyte in each diluted dose of 125 ml:
Excipients with known effect:74.5 mg ethyl alcohol per 25 ml11.3 mg methyl parahydroxybenzoate (E218) per 25 ml5.6 mg ethyl parahydroxybenzoate (E214) per 25 mlFor the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
|Macrogol 3350 Sodium chlorideSodium hydrogen carbonatePotassium chloride||13.125 g0.3507 g 0.1785 g 0.0466 g|
|Sodium ChloridePotassium Hydrogen carbonate||65 mmol/l 53 mmol/l 5.4 mmol/l 17 mmol/l|
|Sodium Chloride PotassiumHydrogen carbonate||8.125 mmol 6.625 mmol 0.675 mmol 2.125 mmol|
3. Pharmaceutical form
Concentrate for oral solution. Clear, colourless liquid.
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
For the treatment of chronic constipation.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Posology A course of treatment for constipation with MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour does not normally exceed 2 weeks, although this can be repeated if required.As for all laxatives, prolonged use is not usually recommended. Extended use may be necessary in the care of patients with severe chronic or resistant constipation, secondary to multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's Disease, or induced by regular constipating medication in particular opioids and antimuscarinics.Adults, adolescents and older people: 25 ml diluted in 100 ml of water 1-3 times daily in divided doses, according to individual response.For extended use, the dose can be adjusted down to 1 or 2 doses per day of 25 ml diluted in 100 ml of water.Children: MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour is not recommended for use in children below the age of 12 years. Alternative MOVICOL products are available for children.Patients with renal insufficiency: No dosage change is necessary for the treatment of constipation.Faecal impaction: MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour is not recommended for use for the treatment of faecal impaction (see section 4.4). Alternative MOVICOL products are available for the treatment of faecal impaction.
Method of administrationThe product must not be taken undiluted and may only be diluted in water. For instructions on dilution of the product before administration, see section 6.6.
Intestinal perforation or obstruction due to structural or functional disorder of the gut wall, ileus, severe inflammatory conditions of the intestinal tract, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis and toxic megacolon.Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
The fluid content of MOVICOL Liquid Orange when re-constituted with water does not replace regular fluid intake and adequate fluid intake must be maintained.Mild adverse drug reactions are possible as indicated in Section 4.8. If patients develop any symptoms indicating shifts of fluids/electrolytes (e.g. oedema, shortness of breath, increasing fatigue, dehydration, cardiac failure) MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour should be stopped immediately and electrolytes measured and any abnormality should be treated appropriately.The absorption of other medicinal products could transiently be reduced due to an increase in gastro-intestinal transit rate induced by MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour (see section 4.5).This medicinal product contains 8.125 mmol of sodium in each diluted dose of 125 ml. The sodium content of MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour should be taken into consideration when administering the product to patients on a controlled sodium diet.This medicinal product contains 45.6 mg of benzyl alcohol in each diluted dose of 125 ml. The maximum recommended daily dose (MRD)(25ml diluted in 100ml of water taken three times a day) contains 136.8mg of benzyl alcohol. The Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of benzyl alcohol is 5 mg/kg body weight. The maximum daily dose (25 ml diluted in 100 ml of water 1-3 times daily) should not be exceeded.This product contains ethyl (E214) and methyl (E218) parahydroxybenzoates which may cause allergic reactions, possibly delayed.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Macrogol raises the solubility of medicinal products that are soluble in alcohol and relatively insoluble in water.There is a possibility that the absorption of other medicinal products could be transiently reduced during use with MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour (see section 4.4). There have been isolated reports of decreased efficacy with some concomitantly administered medicinal products, e.g. anti-epileptics.
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
PregnancyThere are limited amount of data from the use of MOVICOL in pregnant women. Studies in animals have shown indirect reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3). Clinically, no effects during pregnancy are anticipated, since systemic exposure to macrogol 3350 is negligible. MOVICOL can be used during pregnancy.
BreastfeedingNo effects on the breastfed newborn/infant are anticipated since the systemic exposure of the breast-feeding woman to Macrogol 3350 is negligible.MOVICOL can be used during breast-feeding.
FertilityThere are no data on the effects of MOVICOL on fertility in humans. There were no effects on fertility in studies in male and female rats (see section 5.3).
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour has no influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
4.8 Undesirable effects
Reactions related to the gastrointestinal tract occur most commonly.These reactions may occur as a consequence of expansion of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract, and an increase in motility due to the pharmacologic effects of MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour. Mild diarrhoea usually responds to dose reduction.The frequency of the adverse events is not known as it cannot be estimated from the available data.
|System Organ Class||Adverse Event|
|Immune system disorders||Allergic reactions, including anaphylactic reactions, dyspnoea and skin reactions (see below)|
|Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders||Allergic skin reactions including angioedema, urticaria, pruritus, rash, erythema.|
|Metabolism and nutrition disorders||Electrolyte disturbances, particularly hyperkalaemia and hypokalaemia.|
|Nervous system disorders||Headache|
|Gastrointestinal disorders||Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, nausea, dyspepsia, abdominal distension, borborygmi, flatulence and anorectal discomfort.|
|General disorders and administration site conditions||Peripheral oedema|
Reporting of suspected adverse reactionsReporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
Severe abdominal pain or distension can be treated by nasogastric aspiration. Extensive fluid loss by diarrhoea or vomiting may require correction of electrolyte disturbances.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Osmotically acting laxatives. ATC code: A06A D65Macrogol 3350 acts by virtue of its osmotic action in the gut, which induces a laxative effect. Macrogol 3350 increases the stool volume, which triggers colon motility via neuromuscular pathways. The physiological consequence is an improved propulsive colonic transportation of the softened stools and a facilitation of the defecation.Electrolytes combined with macrogol 3350 are exchanged across the intestinal barrier (mucosa) with serum electrolytes and excreted in faecal water without net gain or loss of sodium, potassium and water.Clinical studies in the use of MOVICOL sachets (parent product) in chronic constipation have shown that the dose needed to produce normal formed stools tends to reduce over time. Many patients respond to between 1 and 2 sachets of powdered MOVICOL a day (one sachet is equivalent to 25 ml of MOVICOL Liquid Orange flavour), but this dose should be adjusted depending on individual response.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Macrogol 3350 is unchanged along the gut. It is virtually unabsorbed from the gastro- intestinal tract. Any macrogol 3350 that is absorbed is excreted via the urine.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
Preclinical studies provide evidence that macrogol 3350 has no significant systemic toxicity potential, based on conventional studies of pharmacology, repeated dose toxicity and genotoxicity. There were no direct embryotoxic or teratogenic effects in rats even at maternally toxic levels that are a multiple of 66 x the maximum recommended dose in humans for chronic constipation and 25 x for faecal impaction. Indirect embryofetal effects, including reduction in fetal and placental weights, reduced fetal viability, increased limb and paw hyperflexion and abortions, were noted in the rabbit at a maternally toxic dose that was 3.3 x the maximum recommended dose in humans for treatment of chronic constipation and 1.3 x for faecal impaction. Rabbits are a sensitive animal test species to the effects of GI-acting substances and the studies were conducted under exaggerated conditions with high dose volumes administered, which are not clinically relevant. The findings may have been a consequence of an indirect effect of MOVICOL related to poor maternal condition as the result of an exaggerated pharmacodynamic response in the rabbit. There was no indication of a teratogenic effect.There are long-term animal toxicity and carcinogenicity studies involving macrogol 3350. Results from these and other toxicity studies using high levels of orally administered high molecular weight macrogols provide evidence of safety at the recommended therapeutic dose.
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Acesulfame potassium E950Sucralose E955Benzyl alcoholMethyl parahydroxybenzoate E218Ethyl parahydroxybenzoate E214Orange flavour (contains flavouring substances, flavouring preparations and ethanol)Purified water
6.3 Shelf life
Unopened: 2 yearsOpened: 30 days Diluted solution shelf-life: 24 hours
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Bottle: Do not refrigerate or freeze. Diluted solution: Keep solution covered.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
Polyethylene terephthalate bottle with polypropylene low density polyethylene child- resistant closure with polyethylene liner.Each carton contains one bottle and a polypropylene measuring cup. Pack size: 500ml bottle
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
The product should be diluted as follows:25 ml should be measured out using the dosing cup provided or five 5 ml teaspoonfuls. This should be diluted in 100 ml (approximately half a glass) of water.Any unused solution should be discarded within 24 hours.
7. Marketing authorisation holder
Norgine Pharmaceuticals Limited,Widewater place, Moorhall Road,Harefield, Middlesex, UB9 6NS, UK
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
UK PL 20011/0007
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
25 May 2011
10. Date of revision of the text
Norgine House, Widewater Place, Moorhall Road, Harefield, Middlesex, UB9 6NS
+44 (0)1895 825 865
Medical Information e-mail
+44 (0)1895 826 600