Skip to content
SPC Logo

Ambirix suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe

Last Updated on eMC 23-Nov-2016 View changes  | GlaxoSmithKline UK Contact details

1. Name of the medicinal product

Ambirix® suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe

Hepatitis A (inactivated) and hepatitis B (rDNA) (HAB) vaccine (adsorbed).

2. Qualitative and quantitative composition

1 dose (1 ml) contains:

Hepatitis A virus (inactivated)1,2

720 ELISA Units

Hepatitis B surface antigen3,4

20 micrograms

1Produced on human diploid (MRC-5) cells

2Adsorbed on aluminium hydroxide, hydrated

0.05 milligrams Al3+

3Produced in yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) by recombinant DNA technology

4Adsorbed on aluminium phosphate

0.4 milligrams Al3+

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3. Pharmaceutical form

Suspension for injection .

Ambirix is a turbid white suspension.

4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications

Ambirix is indicated in non-immune children and adolescents from 1 year up to and including 15 years of age for protection against hepatitis A and hepatitis B infection.

Protection against hepatitis B infections may not be obtained until after the second dose (see section 5.1).

Therefore:

- Ambirix should be used only when there is a relatively low risk of hepatitis B infection during the vaccination course.

- It is recommended that Ambirix should be administered in settings where completion of the two-dose vaccination course can be assured.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Posology

A dose of 1.0 ml is recommended for subjects from 1 year up to and including 15 years of age.

- Primary vaccination schedule

The standard primary course of vaccination consists of two doses, the first administered at the elected date and the second between 6 and 12 months after the first dose.

The recommended schedule should be adhered to. Once initiated, the primary course of vaccination should be completed with the same vaccine.

- Booster dose

In situations where a booster dose of hepatitis A and/or hepatitis B is desired, a monovalent or combined vaccine can be given. The safety and immunogenicity of Ambirix administered as a booster dose following a two dose primary course have not been evaluated.

The anti-hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) and anti-hepatitis A virus (anti-HAV) antibody titres observed following a primary vaccination course with Ambirix are in the range of what is seen following vaccination with the monovalent hepatitis A and B vaccines. General guidelines for booster vaccination can therefore be drawn from experience with the monovalent vaccines, as follows.

Hepatitis B

The need for a booster dose of hepatitis B vaccine in healthy individuals who have received a full primary vaccination course has not been established. However some official vaccination programmes currently include a recommendation for a booster dose of hepatitis B vaccine and these should be respected.

For some categories of subjects at risk of exposure to HBV (e.g. haemodialysis or immunocompromised patients) a precautionary attitude should be considered to ensure that a protective antibody level ≥ 10 mIU/ml is maintained.

Hepatitis A

It is not yet fully established whether immunocompetent individuals who have responded to hepatitis A vaccination will require booster doses as protection in the absence of detectable antibodies may be ensured by immunological memory. Guidelines for boosting are based on the assumption that antibodies are required for protection.

Paediatric population

The safety and efficacy of Ambirix in children aged less than 1 year have not been established.

No data are available.

Method of administration

Ambirix is for intramuscular injection, usually into the deltoid muscle. However the anterolateral thigh may be used in very young subjects if preferred.

Exceptionally, the vaccine may be administered subcutaneously in patients with thrombocytopenia or bleeding disorders. However, this route of administration may result in suboptimal immune response to the vaccine. (see section 4.4)

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1, or neomycin.

Hypersensitivity after previous administration of hepatitis A and/or hepatitis B vaccines.

As with other vaccines, the administration of Ambirix should be postponed in subjects suffering from acute severe febrile illness.

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

As with all injectable vaccines, appropriate medical treatment and supervision should always be readily available in case of a rare anaphylactic reactions following the administration of the vaccine.

Syncope (fainting) can occur following, or even before, any vaccination especially in adolescents as a psychogenic response to the needle injection. This can be accompanied by several neurological signs such as transient visual disturbance, paraesthesia and tonic-clonic limb movements during recovery. It is important that procedures are in place to avoid injury from faints.

It is possible that subjects may be in the incubation period of a hepatitis A or hepatitis B infection at the time of vaccination. It is not known whether Ambirix will prevent hepatitis A and hepatitis B in such cases.

The vaccine will not prevent infection caused by other agents such as hepatitis C and hepatitis E and other pathogens known to infect the liver.

Ambirix is not recommended for postexposure prophylaxis (e.g. needle stick injury).

If rapid protection against hepatitis B is required, the standard three dose regimen of the combined vaccine containing 360 ELISA Units of formalin inactivated hepatitis A virus and 10 micrograms of recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen is recommended. This is because, a higher proportion of subjects are protected in the interval between the second and third dose of the three dose combined vaccine, than after a single dose of Ambirix. This difference is no longer present after the second dose of Ambirix (see section 5.1 for seroprotection rates).

It is recommended that the two-dose regimen of Ambirix be completed prior to start of sexual activity.

The vaccine has not been tested in patients with an impaired immune system. In haemodialysis patients and persons with an impaired immune system, adequate anti-HAV and anti-HBs antibody titers may not be obtained after the primary immunisation course.

Since intradermal injection or intramuscular administration into the gluteal muscle could lead to a suboptimal response to the vaccine, these routes should be avoided. However, exceptionally Ambirix can be administered subcutaneously to subjects with thrombocytopenia or bleeding disorders since bleeding may occur following an intramuscular administration to these subjects.

AMBIRIX SHOULD UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES BE ADMINISTERED INTRAVASCULARLY.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

No data on concomitant administration of Ambirix with specific hepatitis A immunoglobulin or hepatitis B immunoglobulin have been generated. However, when the monovalent hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines were administered concomitantly with specific immunoglobulins there was no effect on seroconversion rates. Concomitant immunoglobulin administration may result in lower antibody titres.

When Ambirix was administered concomitantly with, but as a separate injection to a combined diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, inactivated poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine (DTPa-IPV+Hib) or with a combined Measles-Mumps-Rubella vaccine in the second year of life, immune responses to all antigens were satisfactory (see section 5.1).

Concomitant administration of Ambirix and other vaccines than those listed above has not been studied. It is advised that Ambirix should not be administered at the same time as other vaccines unless absolutely necessary.

Concomitant vaccines should always be administered at separate injection sites and preferably into different limbs.

It may be expected that in patients receiving immunosuppressive treatment or patients with immunodeficiency, an adequate response may not be achieved.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy

Ambirix can be used during pregnancy only when clearly needed, and the possible advantages outweigh the potential risks for the foetus.

Breastfeeding

Ambirix should only be used during breast-feeding when the possible advantages outweigh the potential risks.

Fertility

No fertility data are available.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Ambirix has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Summary of safety profile

Clinical trials involved the administration of 2029 doses of Ambirix to 1027 subjects from 1 year up to and including 15 years of age.

In 2 comparative trials in subjects aged 1-15 years, the incidences of local and general solicited symptoms after a two dose regimen of Ambirix was overall similar to that seen with the three dose combined vaccine containing 360 ELISA Units of HAV and 10 µg of HBsAg.

The most commonly reported adverse reactions following Ambirix administration are pain and fatigue occurring in an approximated per dose frequency of 50% and 30% respectively.

List of adverse reactions

Local and general adverse reactions reported following primary vaccination with Ambirix were categorised by frequency.

Adverse reactions reported are listed according to the following frequency:

Very common: ≥ 1/10

Common: ≥ 1/100 to < 1/10

Uncommon: ≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100

Rare: ≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000

Very rare: < 1/10,000

The following adverse reactions were reported during clinical trials with Ambirix.

Clinical trial data

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Very common: appetite lost

Psychiatric disorders

Very common: irritability

Nervous system disorders

Very common: headache

Common: drowsiness

Gastrointestinal disorders

Common: gastrointestinal symptoms

General disorders and administration site conditions

Very common: fatigue, pain and redness at the injection site

Common: fever, swelling at the injection site

In addition, the following adverse reactions were reported during clinical trials with GlaxoSmithKline's other combined hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines (given as a 3 or 4 dose schedule)

Infections and infestations

Uncommon: upper respiratory tract infection

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Rare: lymphadenopathy

Nervous system disorders

Uncommon: dizziness

Rare: paraesthesia

Vascular disorders

Rare: hypotension

Gastrointestinal disorders

Common: diarrhoea, nausea

Uncommon: vomiting, abdominal pain*

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Rare: pruritus, rash

Very rare: urticaria

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Uncommon: myalgia

Rare: arthralgia

General disorders and administration site conditions

Common: malaise, injection site reaction

Rare: chills, influenza like illness

* refers to adverse reactions observed in clinical trials performed with the paediatric formulation

Post-marketing data

Because these events were reported spontaneously, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency.

The following adverse reactions were reported during post-marketing surveillance following vaccination with Ambirix.

Immune system disorders

Allergic reactions including anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions

Nervous system disorders

Syncope or vasovagal responses to injection, localised hypoaesthesia

Following widespread use of either GlaxoSmithKline's combined hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines or the monovalent hepatitis A and/or hepatitis B vaccines, the following adverse reactions have additionally been reported.

Infections and infestations

Meningitis

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Thrombocytopenic purpura, thrombocytopenia

Immune system disorders

Allergic reactions including mimicking serum sickness, angioneurotic oedema

Nervous system disorders

Multiple sclerosis, encephalitis, encephalopathy,polyneuritis such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (with ascending paralysis), myelitis, convulsions, paralysis, facial palsy, neuritis, optic neuritis, neuropathy

Vascular disorders

Vasculitis

Hepatobiliary disorders

Abnormal liver function tests

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Erythema multiforme, lichen planus

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Arthritis, muscular weakness

General disorders and administration site conditions

Immediate injection site pain, stinging and burning sensation

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the national reporting system via Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

4.9 Overdose

Cases of overdose with GlaxoSmithKline's combined hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine have been reported during post-marketing surveillance. Adverse reactions reported following overdosage were similar to those reported with normal vaccine administration.

5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmaco-therapeutic group: Vaccines, Hepatitis vaccines, ATC code J07BC20.

Mechanism of action

Ambirix confers immunity against HAV and HBV infection by inducing specific anti-HAV and anti-HBs antibodies.

Clinical studies

In clinical studies involving subjects from 1 year up to and including 15 years old, seropositivity rates for anti-HAV antibodies were 99.1% one month after the first dose and 100% after the second dose given at month 6 (i.e month 7). Seropositivity rates for anti-HBs antibodies were 74.2% one month after the first dose and 100% after the second dose given at month 6 (i.e. month 7). The anti-HBs seroprotection rates (titers ≥ 10 mlU/ml) at these time points were 37.4% and 98.2% respectively.

In a comparative clinical trial conducted among subjects aged from 12 years up to and including 15 years of age, 142 received two doses of Ambirix and 147 received the standard three-dose combined vaccine. The latter contained 360 ELISA Units of formalin inactivated hepatitis A virus and 10 micrograms of recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen. For the 289 subjects evaluable for immunogenicity, seroprotection rates (SP in the table below) against hepatitis B were significantly higher at months 2 and 6 with the three-dose vaccine than with Ambirix.

Vaccine group

Anti-HBs

Month 2

SP (%)

Anti-HBs

Month 6

SP (%)

Anti-HBs

Month 7

SP (%)

Ambirix

38

68.3

97.9

Combined HAB vaccine (360/10)

85.6

98.0

100

Immune responses obtained one month after the full vaccination course (i.e at month 7) in a comparative clinical trial in children aged 1-11 years are presented in the following table. Also shown are the results reported in the comparative study performed in 12-15 year-olds. In both studies, subjects received either a two dose schedule of Ambirix or a three dose regimen of the combined vaccine containing 360 ELISA Units of formalin inactivated hepatitis A virus and 10 micrograms of recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen.

Age group

Vaccine group

Anti-HAV

Anti-HBs

N

S+ (%)

N

SP (%)

1-5 yrs old

Ambirix

98

100

98

98

Combined HAB vaccine (360/10)

92

100

92

100

6-11 yrs old

Ambirix

103

100

103

99

Combined HAB vaccine (360/10)

96

100

96

100

12-15 yrs old

Ambirix

142

100

142

97.9

Combined HAB vaccine (360/10)

147

100

147

100

In a clinical study, 102 subjects aged from 12 years up to and including 15 years received the second dose of Ambirix at month 12. Seropositivity rates for anti-HAV were 99.0% and seropositivity rates for anti-HBs were 99.0% at month 13 with seroprotection rates of 97.0%.

At 10 years following the initiation of a 0, 6 month schedule of Ambirix in children aged 1-15 years, all subjects followed up retained ≥15 mIU/ml anti-HAV antibody. The percentages with anti-HBs antibody ≥10 mIU/ml at this time point for subjects aged 1-11 years or 12-15 years at the time of the first dose were 77.3% and 85.9%, respectively. In subjects aged 12-15 years at primary vaccination the anti-HAV and anti-HBs antibody concentrations were comparable between groups that had received Ambirix or a 3-dose regimen of the combined vaccine (content as described above).

At 6 years following the initiation of a 0, 6 month or a 0, 12 month schedule of Ambirix in children aged 12-15 years all subjects followed up retained ≥15 mIU/ml anti-HAV antibody. The percentages with anti-HBs antibody ≥10 mIU/ml at this time point for subjects vaccinated at the 0, 6 and 0, 12 month schedules were 84.8% and 92.9%, respectively.

When the first dose of Ambirix was administered concomitantly with a booster dose of a combined diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, inactivated poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine (DTPa-IPV+Hib) or with the first dose of a combined Measles-Mumps-Rubella vaccine in the second year of life, immune responses to all antigens were satisfactory.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Not applicable.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on general safety studies.

6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients

Sodium chloride

Water for injections

For adjuvants, see section 2.

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf life

3 years.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Store in a refrigerator (2°C - 8°C).

Do not freeze.

Store in the original package, in order to protect from light.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

1 ml of suspension in a pre-filled syringe (type I glass) with a plunger stopper (rubber butyl).

Pack sizes of 1 and 10 pre-filled syringes with or without needles and pack size of 50 pre-filled syringes without needles.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Upon storage, a fine white deposit with a clear colourless layer above may be observed.

The vaccine should be re-suspended before use. When re-suspended, the vaccine will have a uniform hazy white appearance.

Re-suspension of the vaccine to obtain a uniform hazy white suspension

The vaccine should be re-suspended following the steps below.

1. Hold the syringe upright in a closed hand.

2. Shake the syringe by tipping it upside down and back again.

3. Repeat this action vigorously for at least 15 seconds.

4. Inspect the vaccine again:

a. If the vaccine appears as a uniform hazy white suspension, it is ready to use – the appearance should not be clear.

b. If the vaccine still does not appear as a uniform hazy white suspension - tip upside down and back again for at least another 15 seconds - then inspect again.

The vaccine should be inspected visually for any foreign particulate matter and/or abnormal physical appearance prior to administration. In the event of either being observed, do not administer the vaccine.

Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

7. Marketing authorisation holder

GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals s.a.

rue de l'Institut 89

B-1330 Rixensart, Belgium

8. Marketing authorisation number(s)

EU/1/02/224/001

EU/1/02/224/002

EU/1/02/224/003

EU/1/02/224/004

EU/1/02/224/005

9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation

Date of first authorisation: 30 August 2002

Date of latest renewal: 20 July 2012

10. Date of revision of the text

10/11/2016

Detailed information on this product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency http://www.ema.europa.eu

Company contact details

GlaxoSmithKline UK

Company image
Address

Stockley Park West, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB11 1BT

Fax

+44 (0)208 990 4328

Medical Information e-mail
Telephone

0800 221 441

E-mail
Customer Care direct line

0800 221 441

Before you contact this company: often several companies will market medicines with the same active ingredient. Please check that this is the correct company before contacting them. Why?

Active ingredients

hepatitis a (inactivated) and hepatitis b (rdna) (hab) vaccine (adsorbed)

Legal categories

POM - Prescription Only Medicine

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our policy on the use of cookies. Continue