- 1. Name of the medicinal product
- 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
- 3. Pharmaceutical form
- 4. Clinical particulars
- 4.1 Therapeutic indications
- 4.2 Posology and method of administration
- 4.3 Contraindications
- 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
- 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
- 4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
- 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
- 4.8 Undesirable effects
- 4.9 Overdose
- 5. Pharmacological properties
- 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
- 5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
- 5.3 Preclinical safety data
- 6. Pharmaceutical particulars
- 6.1 List of excipients
- 6.2 Incompatibilities
- 6.3 Shelf life
- 6.4 Special precautions for storage
- 6.5 Nature and contents of container
- 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
- Administrative data
- 7. Marketing authorisation holder
- 8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
- 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
- 10. Date of revision of the text
1. Name of the medicinal product
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Each 5 ml contains 2 mg Salbutamol (as Salbutamol Sulphate BP).
3. Pharmaceutical form
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Ventolin syrup is indicated in adults, adolescents and children aged 2 to 12 years. Salbutamol is a selective beta-2 adrenoceptor agonist providing short-acting (4-6 hour) bronchodilation in reversible airways obstruction. Ventolin syrup can be used in the management of asthma, bronchospasm and/or reversible airways obstruction. Relief of bronchospasm in bronchial asthma of all types. Ventolin syrup is suitable oral therapy for children and adults who are unable to use an inhaler device.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Route of administration: oral
AdultsThe minimum starting dose is 2mg three times a day given as 5ml syrup. The usual effective dose is 4mg (10ml syrup) three or four times a day, which may be increased to a maximum of 8mg (20ml syrup) three or four times a day if adequate bronchodilation is not obtained.
ElderlyIn elderly patients or in those known to be unusually sensitive to beta-adrenergic stimulant drugs, it is advisable to initiate treatment with the minimum starting dose.
Paediatric Population2 - 6 years: the minimum starting dose is 1mg as 2.5ml of syrup three times daily. This may be increased to 2mg as 5ml of syrup three or four times daily.6 - 12 years: the minimum starting dose is 2mg as 5ml syrup three times daily. This may be increased to four times daily.Over 12 years: the minimum starting dose is 2mg three times daily given as 5ml syrup. This may be increased to 4mg as 10ml syrup three or four times daily.Ventolin is well tolerated by children so that, if necessary, these doses may be cautiously increased to the maximum dose.For lower doses the syrup may be diluted with freshly prepared purified water BP.
Although intravenous salbutamol and occasionally salbutamol tablets are used in the management of premature labour, uncomplicated by conditions such as placenta praevia, ante-partum haemorrhage, or toxaemia of pregnancy, salbutamol presentations should not be used for threatened abortion.Ventolin oral preparations are contra-indicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of their components.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
Bronchodilators should not be the only or main treatment in patients with severe or unstable asthma. Severe asthma requires regular medical assessment including lung function testing as patients are at risk of severe attacks and even death. Physicians should consider using oral corticosteroid therapy and/or the maximum recommended dose of inhaled corticosteroid in those patients. Patients should seek medical advice if treatment with Ventolin syrup becomes less effective.The dosage or frequency of administration should only be increased on medical advice.Patients taking Ventolin syrup may also be receiving short-acting inhaled bronchodilators to relieve symptoms.Increasing use of bronchodilators in particular short-acting inhaled beta2-agonists to relieve symptoms indicates deterioration of asthma control. The patient should be instructed to seek medical advice if short-acting relief bronchodilator treatment becomes less effective or they need more inhalations than usual.In this situation patients should be reassessed and consideration given to the need for increased anti-inflammatory therapy (eg. Higher doses of inhaled corticosteroids or a course of oral corticosteroid). Severe exacerbations of asthma must be treated in the normal way.Patients should be warned that if either the usual relief with Ventolin oral preparations is diminished or the usual duration of action reduced, they should not increase the dose or its frequency of administration, but should seek medical advice.Ventolin syrup and non-selective beta-blocking drugs, such as propranolol, should not usually be prescribed together.Cardiovascular effects may be seen with sympathomimetic drugs, including salbutamol. There is some evidence from post-marketing data and published literature of rare occurrences of myocardial ischaemia associated with salbutamol. Patients with underlying severe heart disease (e.g. ischaemic heart disease, arrhythmia or severe heart failure) who are receiving salbutamol should be warned to seek medical advice if they experience chest pain or other symptoms of worsening heart disease. Attention should be paid to assessment of symptoms such as dyspnoea and chest pain, as they may be of either respiratory or cardiac origin.Salbutamol should be administered cautiously to patients suffering from thyrotoxicosis.Potentially serious hypokalaemia may result from beta-2 agonist therapy mainly from parenteral and nebulised administration. Particular caution is advised in acute severe asthma as this effect may be potentiated by hypoxia and by concomitant treatment with xanthine derivatives, steroids. It is recommended that serum potassium levels are monitored is such situations.In common with other β-adrenoceptor agonists, salbutamol can induce reversible metabolic changes such as increased blood glucose levels. Diabetic patients may be unable to compensate for the increase in blood glucose and the development of ketoacidosis has been reported. Concurrent administration of corticosteroids can exaggerate this effect.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
Administration of drugs during pregnancy should only be considered if the expected benefit to the mother is greater than any possible risk to the foetus.As with the majority of drugs, there is little published evidence of its safety in the early stages of human pregnancy, but in animal studies there was evidence of some harmful effects on the foetus at very high dose levels.As salbutamol is probably secreted in breast milk its use in nursing mothers requires careful consideration. It is not known whether salbutamol has a harmful effect on the neonate, and so its use should be restricted to situations where it is felt that the expected benefit to the mother is likely to outweigh any potential risk to the neonate.
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
4.8 Undesirable effects
Adverse events are listed below by system organ class and frequency. Frequencies are defined as: very common (≥1/10), common (≥1/100 and <1/10), uncommon (≥1/1000 and <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 and <1/1000) and very rare (<1/10,000) including isolated reports. Very common and common events were generally determined from clinical trial data. Rare, very rare and unknown events were generally determined from spontaneous data.
* reported spontaneously in post-marketing data therefore frequency regarded as unknown
|Immune system disorders|
|Very rare:||Hypersensitivity reactions including angioedema, urticaria, bronchospasm, hypotension and collapse.|
|Metabolism and nutrition disorders|
|Potentially serious hypokalaemia may result from beta agonist therapy.|
|Nervous system disorders|
|Rare:||Cardiac arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia and extrasystoles|
|Unknown:||Myocardial ischaemia* (see section 4.4)|
|Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders|
|Very rare:||Feeling of muscle tension.|
The most common signs and symptoms of overdose with salbutamol are transient beta agonist pharmacologically mediated events, including tachycardia, tremor, hyperactivity and metabolic effects including hypokalaemia and lactic acidosis (see sections 4.4 and 4.8).Hypokalaemia may occur following overdose with salbutamol. Serum potassium levels should be monitored.Nausea, vomiting and hyperglycaemia have been reported, predominantly in children and when salbutamol overdose has been taken via the oral route.Consideration should be given to discontinuation of treatment and appropriate symptomatic therapy such as cardio-selective beta-blocking agents in patients presenting with cardiac symptoms (e.g. tachycardia, palpitations). Beta-blocking drugs should be used with caution in patients with a history of bronchospasm.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Salbutamol is a selective beta-2 adrenoceptor agonist. At therapeutic doses it acts on the beta-2 adrenoceptors of bronchial muscle.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Salbutamol administered intravenously has a half life of 4 to 6 hours and is cleared partly renally and partly by metabolism to the inactive 4' -O-sulphate (phenolic sulphate) which is also excreted primarily in the urine. The faeces are a minor route of excretion. The majority of a dose of salbutamol given intravenously, orally or by inhalation is excreted within 72 hours. Salbutamol is bound to plasma proteins to the extent of 10%.After oral administration, salbutamol is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and undergoes considerable first-pass metabolism to the phenolic sulphate. Both unchanged drug and conjugate are excreted primarily in the urine. The bioavailability of orally administered salbutamol is about 50%.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
There are no preclinical data of relevance to the prescriber which are additional to that in other sections of the SmPC.
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Sodium citrateCitric acid monohydrateHydroxypropyl methylcelluloseSodium benzoateSaccharin sodiumSodium chlorideOrange flavour IFF 17.42.8187Purified water
None knownVentolin syrup is sugar free. If dilution is required freshly prepared Purified Water BP should be used. The diluted mixture must be protected from light and stored below 25ºC.
6.3 Shelf life
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Store at a temperature not exceeding 30ºC. Protect from light.Ventolin syrup may be diluted with freshly Purified Water BP. The diluted mixture must be protected from light and stored below 25ºC. Discard after 28 days.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
Amber glass bottle.Closure (150ml): plastic tamper evident, child resistant or plastic child resistant or ROPP aluminium (lacquered internally and externally) with either PVdC faced EPE or LDPE faced PVdC/EPE OR LLDPE/PVdC PVC/LLDPE/EPE (single or double faced) wad. Closure (2000ml): polypropylene cap with wadding as for 150ml.Pack size: 150ml, 2000ml.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
Ventolin syrup may be diluted with Purified Water BP (50%v/v). The resulting mixture should be protected from light and used within 28 days.A 50% v/v dilution of Ventolin syrup has been shown to be adequately preserved against microbial contamination.Admixture of Ventolin syrup with other liquid preparation is not recommended.
7. Marketing authorisation holder
Glaxo Wellcome UK Ltd trading as Allen & HanburysStockley Park WestUxbridgeMiddlesex, UB11 1BT
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
14 October 2005
10. Date of revision of the text
13 December 2011
Allen & Hanburys Ltd
Stockley Park West, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB11 1BT
+44 (0)208 990 4328
+44 (0)800 221 441
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