Last Updated 28 Feb 2014
Glycopyrronium bromide (gly-ko-pir-row-nee-um broh-mide) is a medicine which is used in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, drying secretions before general anaesthesia, excessive sweating, preventing slow heart rate during general anaesthesia and reversal of a neuromuscular block.
The information in this Medicine Guide for Glycopyrronium bromide varies according to the condition being treated and the particular preparation used.
Information specific to Glycopyrronium bromide powder for solution for iontophoresis when used in Sweating
Antimuscarinics like Glycopyrronium bromide, work by blocking the effects of a chemical called acetylcholine (ass-it-yl-koh-leen). One of the effects of acetylcholine is to regulate sweating. By blocking the effects of acetylcholine in areas of the body that sweat too much, the sweating can be reduced.
Glycopyrronium bromide needs to be dissolved in water and then delivered through the skin using a special machine called an iontophoresis machine (i-on-toe-for-ee-sis). Your prescriber will arrange treatment sessions for you or tell you how to perform your own treatments at home.
Other information about Glycopyrronium bromide:
The pharmacy label on your medicine tells you how much medicine you should use. It also tells you how often you should use your medicine. This is the dose that you and your prescriber have agreed you should use. You should not change the dose of your medicine unless you are told to do so by your prescriber.
Do not share your medicine with other people. It may not be suitable for them and may harm them.
If someone is giving you this medicine, the person who is responsible for giving it to you will make sure that you have it at the prescribed times.
If you are using this medicine yourself, make sure that you have Glycopyrronium bromide at the recommended time. Specific information on when to use Glycopyrronium bromide can be found in the Patient Information Leaflet that comes with this medicine. Alternatively, you can request information about when to take your medicine from your doctor or pharmacist.
Your prescriber may give you this medicine or you may be shown how to use the medicine yourself. If you are using this medicine yourself, follow the instructions from your prescriber and the information on the pharmacy label. There should also be further information in the Patient Information Leaflet that comes with this medicine.
Taking extra doses of some medicines can be harmful. In some cases even one extra dose can cause you problems. If you take extra doses of your medicine, you must get medical advice immediately. This is because the effects of taking too much medicine are very complex so it is very important that you seek medical advice.
Glycopyrronium bromide is not suitable for everyone and some people should never use it. Other people should only use it with special care. It is important that the person prescribing this medicine knows your full medical history.
Over time it is possible that Glycopyrronium bromide can become unsuitable for some people, or they may become unsuitable for it. If at any time it appears that Glycopyrronium bromide has become unsuitable, it is important that the prescriber is contacted immediately.
Once a medicine has been licensed, information on the medicine's effects, both intended and unintended, is continuously recorded and updated.
Some side-effects may be serious while others may only be a mild inconvenience.
Everyone's reaction to a medicine is different. It is difficult to predict which side-effects you will have from taking a particular medicine, or whether you will have any side-effects at all. The important thing is to tell your prescriber or pharmacist if you are having problems with your medicine.
If you feel unwell or if you have concerns about a side-effect, you will need to seek advice. If you feel very ill, get medical help straight away. Contact your prescriber, pharmacist, nurse or call NHS Direct on 0845 46 47.
Medicines can interact with complementary preparations and vitamins. In general, there is not much information available about interactions between medicines and complementary preparations or vitamins.
Your prescriber can advise whether it is appropriate for you to take combinations that are known to interact. They can also discuss with you the possible effect that the complementary preparations and vitamins may have on your condition.
When taking any medicine you should be aware that it might interfere with your ability to drive or operate machinery safely.
In the case of Glycopyrronium bromide:
You should see how this medicine affects you before you judge whether you are safe to drive or operate machinery. If you are in any doubt about whether you should drive or operate machinery, talk to your prescriber.
Most medicines, in some way, can affect the development of a baby in the womb. The effect on the baby differs between medicines and also depends on the stage of pregnancy that you have reached when you take the medicine.
In the case of Glycopyrronium bromide:
You should discuss your personal circumstances with your doctor if you are pregnant or want to become pregnant. This is so that together you can make a decision about what treatment you may need during your pregnancy.
You should discuss whether there are any other medicines which you could take during pregnancy which would treat your condition.
Medicines contain active ingredients. They may also contain other, additional ingredients that help ensure the stability, safety and effectiveness of the medicine. They are also added to improve the medicine's appearance and to make it easier to use. Some may be used to prolong the life of the medicine.
This medicine contains glycopyrronium bromide.
We are unable to list all of the ingredients for your medicine here. For a full list, you should refer to the patient information leaflet that comes with this medicine. You should check that you are able to take the ingredients of your medicine, especially if you have any allergies. You should also check whether any of these ingredients are known to have side-effects.
If you are not able to take any of the ingredients in your medicine, talk to your prescriber or pharmacist to see if they can suggest an alternative medicine. If you have reacted badly to Glycopyrronium bromide before, do not take Glycopyrronium bromide. Talk to your prescriber, pharmacist or nurse as soon as possible.
Glycopyrronium bromide, Version 5, last updated 28 Feb 2014