- 1. Name of the medicinal product
- 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
- 3. Pharmaceutical form
- 4. Clinical particulars
- 4.1 Therapeutic indications
- 4.2 Posology and method of administration
- 4.3 Contraindications
- 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
- 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
- 4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
- 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
- 4.8 Undesirable effects
- 4.9 Overdose
- 5. Pharmacological properties
- 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
- 5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
- 5.3 Preclinical safety data
- 6. Pharmaceutical particulars
- 6.1 List of excipients
- 6.2 Incompatibilities
- 6.3 Shelf life
- 6.4 Special precautions for storage
- 6.5 Nature and contents of container
- 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
- 7. Marketing authorisation holder
- 8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
- 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
- 10. Date of revision of the text
1. Name of the medicinal product
Tertroxin Tablets 20mcgLiothyronine Sodium BP 20micrograms Tablets
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Each tablet contains 20mcg liothyronine sodium BP.
3. Pharmaceutical form
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Liothyronine sodium tablets are qualitatively similar in biological action to thyroxine but the effect develops in a few hours and lasts for 24 to 48 hours after stopping the treatment.Used for the treatment of coma of myxedema, the management of severe chronic thyroid deficiency and hypothyroid states occurring in the treatment of thyrotoxicosis.Liothyronine sodium can be used also in the treatment of thyrotoxicosis as an adjunct to carbimazole to prevent sub-clinical hypothyroidism developing during treatment.Liothyronine sodium may be preferred for treating severe and acute hypothyroid states because of its rapid and more potent effect, but thyroxine sodium is normally the drug of choice for routine replacement therapy.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Adults: Starting dose of 10 or 20 micrograms every 8 hours, increasing after one week, if necessary, to the usual recommended daily dose of 60 micrograms in two or three divided doses.Myxedema Coma: 60 micrograms given by stomach tube, then 20 micrograms every 8 hours. It is more usual to start treatment with intravenous liothyronine.Adjunct to carbimazole treatment of thyrotoxicosis: 20 micrograms every 8 hours.Elderly and Children Patients: 5 micrograms daily (Liothyronine sodium tablets can be crushed and triturated with lactose for administration as a powder).Method of Administration: Oral
Hypersensitivity to any components of Liothyronine sodium tablets. Patients with angina of effort or cardiovascular diseases and thyrotoxicosis.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
In severe and prolonged hypothyroidism, adrenocortical activity may be decreased. When thyroid replacement therapy is started, metabolism increases more than adrenocortical activity and this can lead to adrenocortical insufficiency requiring supplemental adrenocortical steroids.Liothyronine sodium treatment may result in an increase in insulin or anti-diabetic drug requirements. Care is required for patients with diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.In myxodema, care must be taken to avoid imposing excessive burden on cardiac muscle affected by prolonged severe thyroid depletion. Care is needed in the elderly.Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medication.Panhypopituitarism or predisposition to adrenal insufficiency (initiate corticosteroid therapy before starting liothyronine), pregnancy, breast-feeding_(see section 4.6 Pregnancy and lactation).Baseline ECG is valuable with initial dosage because changes induced by hypothyroidism can be confused with ischaemia. If metabolism increases too rapidly (causing diarrhoea, nervousness, rapid pulse, insomnia, tremors and sometimes anginal pain where there is latent myocardial ischaemia), reduce dose or withhold for 1-2days and start again at a lower dose.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Liothyronine sodium therapy may potentiate the action of anticoagulants. Phenytoin levels may be increased by liothyronine. Anticonvulsants, such as carbamazepine and phenytoin enhance the metabolism of thyroid hormones and may displace thyroid hormones from plasma proteins. Initiation or discontinuation of anticonvulsant therapy may alter liothyronine dose requirements.If co-administered with cardiac glycosides, adjustment of dosage of cardiac glycoside may be necessary. Colestyramine and colestipol given concurrently reduces gastrointestinal absorption of liothyronine.Liothyronine raises blood sugar levels and this may upset the stability of patients receiving antidiabetic agents.Liothyronine increases receptor sensitivity to catecholamines thus accelerating the response to tricyclic antidepressants. A number of drugs may affect thyroid function tests and this should be borne in mind when monitoring patients on liothyronine therapy.Co-administration of oral contraceptives may result in an increased dosage requirement of liothyronine sodium.Amiodarone may inhibit the deiodination of thyroxine to triiodothyronine resulting in a decreased concentration of triiodothyronine with a rise in the concentration of inactive reverse triiodothyronine.As with other thyroid hormones, Liothyronine may enhance effects of amitriptyline and effects of imipramine.Metabolism of thyroid hormones accelerated by barbiturates and primidone (may increase requirements for thyroid hormones in hypothyroidism).Requirements for thyroid hormones in hypothyroidism may be increased by oestrogens.
4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
Pregnancy: Safety during pregnancy is not known. The risk of foetal congenital abnormalities should be weighed against the risk to the foetus of untreated maternal hypothyroidism. Lactation: Liothyronine sodium is excreted into breast milk in low concentrations. This may interfere with neonatal screening programmes.
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
4.8 Undesirable effects
The following effects are indicative of excessive dosage and usually disappear on reduction of dosage or withdrawal of treatment for a day or two. Anginal pain, cardiac arrhythmias, palpitations, muscle cramps, tachycardia, diarrhoea, restlessness, excitability, headache, flushing, sweating, excessive loss of weight and muscular weakness, vomiting, tremor, insomnia, fever, heat intolerance, transient hair loss in children, hypersensitivity reactions including rash, pruritus and oedema also reported.
If patient is seen within a few hours of overdosage: gastric lavage or emesis.There may be exaggeration of the side effects as well as agitation, confusion, irritability, hyperactivity, headache, sweating, mydriasis, tachycardia, arrhythmias, tachypnoea, pyrexia, increased bowel movements and convulsions.Treatment is symptomatic. Tachycardia in adults may be controlled with 40mg propanolol every 6 hours.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Liothyronine sodium is a naturally occurring thyroid hormone.The biological action of Liothyronine sodium is quantitatively similar to that of Levothyroxine sodium, but the effects develop in a few hours and disappear within 24 to 48 hours of stopping treatment.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Liothyronine sodium is almost completely absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract. It is less readily bound to plasma proteins than thyroxine. About 0.5% is in the unbound form.The half life of liothyronine in euthroidism is 1 to 2 days. Thyroid hormones do not readily cross the placenta. Minimal amounts are excreted in breast milk.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
No further relevant data.
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Lactose BPMaize starch BPAcacia powder BPSodium chloride BPMagnesium stearate BPIndustrial methylated spirit BPPurified water BP
6.3 Shelf life
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Protect from light.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
Tubular glass vial with snap-plug closure or tamper-evident polypropylene container with polythene lid, containing 28, 56, 112 and 100 tablets of Liothyronine sodium 20mcg.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
7. Marketing authorisation holder
Mercury Pharma Group Ltd Capital House, 85 King William Street, London EC4N 7BL, UK
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
23/08/1993 / 28/10/2003
10. Date of revision of the text
Concordia International - formerly AMCo
Capital House, 1st Floor, 85 King William Street, London, EC4N 7BL, UK
+44 (0)208 588 9200
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