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Berinert 500 IU

Last Updated on eMC 18-Nov-2013 View changes  | CSL Behring UK Limited Contact details

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Text only version for the visually impaired
Below is a text only representation of the Patient Information leaflet. The original may contain images or tables and can be viewed in PDF format using the link to the left. This PIL may be available from the RNIB in large print, Braille or audio CD. For further information please call the RNIB Medicine Leaflet line on 0800 198 5000. The product code(s) for this leaflet is/are: PL15036/0030.



Berinert 500 IU

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

Berinert® 500 IU

Powder and solvent for solution for injection / infusion.

C1-esterase inhibitor, human

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine, because it contains important information for you.

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet:

1. What Berinert is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you use Berinert
3. How to use Berinert
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Berinert
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Berinert is and what it is used for

What is Berinert?

Berinert is presented as powder and solvent. The made up solution is to be given by injection or infusion into a vein.

Berinert is made from human plasma (this is the liquid part of the blood). It contains the human protein C1-esterase inhibitor as active ingredient.

What is Berinert used for?

Berinert is used for the treatment and pre-procedure prevention of the hereditary angioedema type I and II (HAE, oedema = swelling).

HAE is a congenital disease of the vascular system. It is a non-allergic disease. HAE is caused by deficiency, absence or defective synthesis of C1-esterase inhibitor, an important protein. The illness is characterised by the following symptoms:

  • swelling of the hands and feet that occurs suddenly,
  • facial swelling with tension sensation that occurs suddenly,
  • eyelid swelling, lip swelling, possibly laryngeal (voice box) swelling with difficulty in breathing,
  • tongue swelling,
  • colic pain in abdominal region.

Generally, all parts of the body can be affected.

2. What you need to know before you use Berinert

The following sections contain information that your doctor should consider before you are given Berinert.

Do not use Berinert:

  • if you are allergic to the protein C1-esterase inhibitor or any of the other ingredients of this medicine listed in section 6.

Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to any medicine or food.

Warnings and precautions:

  • if you have experienced allergic reactions to Berinert in the past. You should take antihistamines and corticosteroids prophylactically if advised by your doctor.
  • when allergic or anaphylactic-type reactions occur (a serious allergic reaction that causes severe difficulty in breathing or dizziness).The administration of Berinert should then be stopped immediately (e.g. discontinue infusion)
  • if you suffer from laryngeal swelling (laryngeal oedema). You should be carefully monitored with emergency treatment in stand-by.
  • during unlicenced use beyond the approved indications and posology (e.g. Capillary Leak Syndrome, CLS). See section 4. “Possible side effects”.

Your doctor will consider carefully the benefit of treatment with Berinert compared with the risk of these complications.

Virus safety

When medicines are made from human blood or plasma, certain measures are put in place to prevent infections being passed on to patients. These include:

  • careful selection of blood and plasma donors to make sure those at risk of carrying infections are excluded, and
  • the testing of each donation and pools of plasma for signs of virus/infections.

Manufacturers of these products also include steps in the processing of the blood or plasma that can inactivate or remove viruses. Despite these measures, when medicines prepared from human blood or plasma are administered, the possibility of passing on infection cannot be totally excluded. This also applies to any unknown or emerging viruses or other types of infections.

The measures taken are considered effective for enveloped viruses such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the AIDS virus), hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus (inflammation of the liver) and for the non-enveloped viruses hepatitis A (inflammation of the liver) and parvovirus B19.

Your doctor may recommend that you consider vaccination against hepatitis A and B if you regularly/repeatedly receive human plasma-derived products.

It is strongly recommended that every time that Berinert is given, the date of administration, the batch number and the injected volume should be recorded.

Other medicines and Berinert

  • Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
  • Berinert should not be mixed with other medicinal products and diluents in the syringe/infusion set.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

  • If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
  • During pregnancy and breast-feeding Berinert should be given only if it is clearly needed.

Driving and using machines

No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed.

Important information about some of the ingredients of Berinert

Berinert contains up to 486 mg sodium (approximately 21 mmol) per 100 ml solution. Please take this into account if you are on a controlled sodium diet.

3. How to use Berinert

Treatment should be started and supervised by a doctor who is experienced in the treatment of C1-esterase inhibitor deficiency.

Dosage

Adults

Treatment of acute angioedema attacks:

20 IU per kilogram body weight (20 IU/kg b.w.).

Pre-procedure prevention of angioedema attacks:

1000 IU less than 6 hours prior to a medical, dental, or surgical procedure.

Children

Treatment of acute angioedema attacks:

20 IU per kilogram body weight (20 IU/kg b.w.).

Pre-procedure prevention of angioedema attacks:

15 to 30 IU per kilogram body weight (15-30 IU/kg b.w.) less than 6 hours prior to a medical, dental, or surgical procedure. Dose should be selected taking into account clinical circumstances (e.g. type of procedure and disease severity).

Overdose

No case of overdose has been reported.

Reconstitution and method of administration

Berinert is usually injected into a vein (intravenously) by your doctor or nurse. You or your carer might also administer Berinert as an injection, but only after receiving adequate training. If your doctor decides that you may be suitable for such home-treatment, he/she will give you detailed instructions. You will be required to keep a diary in order to document each treatment received at home and to bring it to each of your visits to the doctor. Regular review of your/your carer’s injection technique will be performed to ensure continued appropriate handling.

General instructions

  • The powder must be dissolved and withdrawn from the vial under aseptic conditions. Use the syringe provided with the product.
  • The made up solution should be colourless and clear. After filtering or withdrawal (see below) the solution should be checked by eye for small particles and discoloration, before it is administered.
  • Do not use the solution if it is visibly cloudy or if it contains flakes or particles.
  • Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements and as instructed by your doctor.

Reconstitution

Without opening either vial, warm the Berinert powder and the solvent to room temperature. This can be done either by leaving the vials at room temperature for about an hour, or by holding them in your hands for a few minutes. DO NOT expose the vials to direct heat. The vials must not be heated above body temperature (37°C).

Carefully remove the protective caps from the solvent vial and the product vial. Clean the exposed rubber stoppers of both vials with one alcohol swab each and allow them to dry. The solvent can now be transferred to the powder with the administration set (Mix2Vial) attached. Please follow the instructions given below.

1. Open the Mix2Vial package by peeling off the lid. Do not remove the Mix2Vial from the blister package!

2. Place the solvent vial on an even, clean surface and hold the vial tight. Take the Mix2Vial together with the blister package and push the spike of the blue adapter end straight down through the solvent vial stopper.

3. Carefully remove the blister package from the Mix2Vial set by holding at the rim, and pulling vertically upwards. Make sure that you only pull away the blister package and not the Mix2Vial set.

4. Place the product vial on an even and firm surface. Invert the solvent vial with the Mix2Vial set attached and push the spike of the transparent adapter end straight down through the product vial stopper. The solvent will automatically flow into the product vial.

5. With one hand grasp the product-side of the Mix2Vial set and with the other hand, grasp the solvent-side and unscrew the set carefully into two pieces.

Discard the solvent vial with the blue Mix2Vial adapter attached.

6. Gently swirl the product vial with the transparent adapter attached until the substance is fully dissolved. Do not shake.

7. Draw air into an empty, sterile syringe. Use the syringe provided with the product. While the product vial is upright, connect the syringe to the Mix2Vial's Luer Lock fitting. Inject air into the product vial.

Withdrawal and application

8. While keeping the syringe plunger pressed, invert the system upside down and draw the solution into the syringe by pulling the plunger back slowly.

9. Now that the solution has been transferred into the syringe, firmly hold on to the barrel of the syringe (keeping the syringe plunger facing down) and disconnect the transparent Mix2Vial adapter from the syringe.

Administration

The solution is to be administered by slow intravenous (i.v.) injection or infusion (4 ml/minute).

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Please contact your doctor immediately

  • if any of the side effects occur, or
  • if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet.

Undesired reactions with Berinert are rare.

The following side effects have been observed rarely (at 1 or more than 1 of 10,000 and less than 1 of 1,000 patients):

  • There is a risk of increased formation of blood clots in treatment attempts for prophylaxis or therapy of Capillary Leak Syndrome (outflow of fluid from the small blood vessels into the tissue) e. g. during or after cardiac surgery under extracorporal circulation. See section 2 "Warnings and precautions".
  • Increase in body temperature as well as burning and stinging where the injection was given.
  • Hypersensitive or allergic reactions (such as irregular heart beat, faster heart beat, fall in blood pressure, reddening of the skin, rash, difficulty in breathing, headache, dizziness, sickness).

In very rare cases (less than 1 of 10,000 patients or in single cases) hypersensitive reactions might progress as far as shock.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see details below). By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

UK Yellow Card Scheme
Website:www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard

5. How to store Berinert

  • Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
  • Do not use Berinert after the expiry date, which is stated on the label and carton.
  • Do not store above 25°C.
  • Do not freeze.
  • Keep the vial in the outer carton, in order to protect from light.
  • Berinert does not contain a preservative so the made-up solution should preferably be used immediately.
  • If the made-up solution is not administered immediately it must be used within 8 hours and should only be stored in the vial.

6. Contents of the pack and other information

What Berinert contains

The active substance is:

C1-esterase inhibitor, human (500 IU/vial; after reconstitution 50 IU/ml)

See section "The following information is intended for medical or healthcare professionals only" for further information.

The other ingredients are:

Glycine), sodium chloride, sodium citrate

See last paragraph of section 2. "Important information about some of the ingredients of Berinert".

Solvent: Water for injections

What Berinert looks like and contents of the pack

Berinert is presented as a white powder and is supplied with water for injections as solvent.

The made-up solution should be colourless and clear.

Presentation

One pack with 500 IU contains:

1 vial with powder (500 IU)

1 vial with 10 ml water for injections

One device pack contains:

1 filter transfer device 20/20

1 disposable 10 ml syringe

1 venipuncture set

2 alcohol swabs

1 plaster

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

CSL Behring GmbH
Emil-von-Behring-Strasse 76
35041 Marburg
Germany

This leaflet was last revised in 10/2013

Company contact details

CSL Behring UK Limited

Company image
Address

Hayworth House, Market Place, Haywards Heath, West Sussex, RH16 1DB, UK

Fax

+44 (0)1444 447 403

Medical Information e-mail
Out of Hours contact

+44 (0)1444 447 405

Telephone

+44 (0)1444 447 400

Medical Information Direct Line

+44 (0)1444 447 405

Customer Care direct line

+44 (0)1444 447 402

Before you contact this company: often several companies will market medicines with the same active ingredient. Please check that this is the correct company before contacting them. Why?

Active ingredients

C1-esterase inhibitor, human

Legal categories

POM - Prescription Only Medicine

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