- 1. Name of the medicinal product
- 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
- 3. Pharmaceutical form
- 4. Clinical particulars
- 4.1 Therapeutic indications
- 4.2 Posology and method of administration
- 4.3 Contraindications
- 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
- 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
- 4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
- 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
- 4.8 Undesirable effects
- 4.9 Overdose
- 5. Pharmacological properties
- 5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
- 5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
- 5.3 Preclinical safety data
- 6. Pharmaceutical particulars
- 6.1 List of excipients
- 6.2 Incompatibilities
- 6.3 Shelf life
- 6.4 Special precautions for storage
- 6.5 Nature and contents of container
- 6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
- Administrative data
- 7. Marketing authorisation holder
- 8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
- 9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
- 10. Date of revision of the text
1. Name of the medicinal product
Creon® 25000 Capsules
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Each capsule contains pancreatin PhEur 300 mg equivalent to:
|Lipase||25,000 PhEur units|
|Amylase||18,000 PhEur units|
|Protease||1,000 PhEur units|
3. Pharmaceutical form
Orange/colourless capsules filled with brownish minimicrospheres.
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
For the treatment of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Adults (including the elderly) and children:Initially one or two capsules with each meal. Dose increases, if required, should be added slowly, with careful monitoring of response and symptomatology. The capsules can be swallowed whole, or for ease of administration they may be opened and the granules taken with acidic fluid or soft food, but without chewing.This could be apple sauce or yoghurt or any fruit juice with a pH less than 5.5, e.g. apple, orange or pineapple juice. If the granules are mixed with fluid or food, it is important that they are taken immediately and the mixture not stored, otherwise dissolution of the enteric coating may result. In order to protect the enteric coating, it is important that the granules are not crushed or chewed. Crushing and chewing of the minimicrospheres or mixing with food or fluid with a pH greater than 5.5 can disrupt the protective enteric coating. This can result in early release of enzymes in the oral cavity and may lead to reduced efficacy and irritation of the mucous membranes. Care should be taken to ensure that no product is retained in the mouth. It is important to ensure adequate hydration of patients at all times whilst dosing Creon 25000.Fibrosing colonopathy has been reported in patients with cystic fibrosis taking in excess of 10,000 units of lipase/kg/day (see section 4.4).
Hypersensitivity to pancreatin of porcine origin or to any of the excipients.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
Strictures of the ileo-caecum and large bowel (fibrosing colonopathy) have been reported in patients with cystic fibrosis taking high doses of pancreatin preparations. As a precaution, unusual abdominal symptoms or changes in abdominal symptoms should be medically assessed to exclude the possibility of fibrosing colonopathy, especially if the patient is taking in excess of 10,000 units of lipase/kg/day.As with all currently marketed porcine pancreatin products, Creon 25000 is sourced from pancreatic tissue from swine used for food consumption. Although the risk that Creon 25000 will transmit an infectious agent to humans has been reduced by the testing and inactivation of certain viruses during manufacturing, there is a theoretical risk for transmission of viral disease, including diseases caused by novel or unidentified viruses. The presence of porcine viruses that might infect humans cannot be definitely excluded. However, no cases of transmission of an infectious illness associated with the use of porcine pancreatic extracts have been reported, whereas they have been used for a long time.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
No interaction studies have been performed.
4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
Pregnancy For pancreatic enzymes no clinical data on exposed pregnancies are available. Animal studies show no evidence for any absorption of porcine pancreatic enzymes. Therefore, no reproductive or developmental toxicity is to be expected. Caution should be exercised when prescribing to pregnant women. Lactation No effects on the suckling child are anticipated since animal studies suggest no systemic exposure of the breast-feeding woman to pancreatic enzymes. Pancreatic enzymes can be used during breast-feeding.If required during pregnancy or lactation Creon should be used in doses sufficient to provide adequate nutritional status.
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
Creon has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive or use machines.
4.8 Undesirable effects
In clinical trials, more than 900 patients were exposed to Creon. The most commonly reported adverse reactions were gastrointestinal disorders and were primarily mild or moderate in severity. The following adverse reactions have been observed during clinical trials with the below indicated frequencies;
*Gastrointestinal disorders are mainly associated with the underlying disease. Similar or lower incidences compared to placebo were reported for abdominal pain and diarrhoea.Strictures of the ileo-caecum and large bowel (fibrosing colonopathy) have been reported in patients with cystic fibrosis taking high doses of pancreatin preparations, see section 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use.Allergic reactions mainly but not exclusively limited to the skin have been observed and identified as adverse reactions during post-approval use. Because these reactions were reported spontaneously from a population of uncertain size, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency.Paediatric populationNo specific adverse reactions were identified in the paediatric population. Frequency, type and severity of adverse reactions were similar in children with cystic fibrosis as compared to adults.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
|Organ system||Very common ≥ 1/10||Common ≥ 1/100 to < 1/10||Uncommon ≥ 1/1000 to < 1/100||Frequency not known|
|Gastrointestinal disorders||abdominal pain*||nausea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal distention, diarrhoea*||strictures of the ileo-caecum and large bowel (fibrosing colonopathy)|
|Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders||rash||pruritus, urticaria|
|Immune system disorders||hypersensitivity (anaphylactic reactions).|
Extremely high doses of pancreatin have been reported to be associated with hyperuricosuria and hyperuricaemia.Supportive measures including stopping enzyme therapy and ensuring adequate rehydration are recommended.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Multienzymes (amylase, lipase, protease), ATC code: A09A A02 Creon contains porcine pancreatin formulated as enteric-coated (acid-resistant) minimicrospheres within gelatine capsules. The capsules dissolve rapidly in the stomach releasing plenty of minimicrospheres, a multidose principle which is designed to achieve good mixing with the chyme, emptying from the stomach together with the chyme and after release, good distribution of enzymes within the chyme. When the minimicrospheres reach the small intestine the coating rapidly disintegrates (at pH > 5.5) to release enzymes with lipolytic, amylolytic and proteolytic activity to ensure the digestion of fats, starches and proteins. The products of pancreatic digestion are then either absorbed directly, or following further hydrolysis by intestinal enzymes.
Clinical efficacy:Overall 30 studies investigating the efficacy of Creon (Creon capsules with 10000, 25000 or 40000 Ph. Eur units of lipase and Creon 5000) in patients with pancreatic exocrine insufficiency have been conducted. Ten of these were placebo controlled studies performed in patients with cystic fibrosis, chronic pancreatitis or post surgical conditions. In all randomized, placebo-controlled, efficacy studies, the pre-defined primary objective was to show superiority of Creon over placebo on the primary efficacy parameter, the coefficient of fat absorption (CFA). The coefficient of fat absorption determines the percentage of fat that is absorbed into the body taking into account fat intake and faecal fat excretion. In the placebo-controlled PEI studies, the mean CFA (%, mean ± SD) was higher with Creon treatment (83.0 ± 12.6%) as compared to placebo (62.6 ± 21.8%). The median treatment duration was 7 days on both treatments. In all studies, irrespective of the design, the mean CFA (%) at the end of the treatment period with Creon was similar to the mean CFA values for Creon in the placebo controlled studies. In all performed studies, irrespective of etiology, an improvement was also shown in disease specific symptomatology (stool frequency, stool consistency, flatulence). Paediatric population In cystic fibrosis (CF) the efficacy of Creon was demonstrated in 288 paediatric patients covering an age range from newborns to adolescents. In all studies, the mean end-of treatment CFA values exceeded 80% on Creon comparably in all paediatric age groups.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Pharmacokinetic data are not available as the enzymes act locally in the gastro-intestinal tract. After exerting their action, the enzymes are digested themselves in the intestine.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Granules:Macrogol 4000Hypromellose phthalateDimeticone Cetyl alcoholTriethyl citrate
Capsules:Gelatin,Anhydrous iron (III) oxide, E172Hydrated iron (III) oxide, E172Titanium dioxide, E171Sodium lauryl sulfate
6.3 Shelf life
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Store below 30°C.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
HDPE container with tamper-evident PP cap. Each container contains 100 capsules.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
No special instructions.
7. Marketing authorisation holder
Abbott Healthcare Products LimitedAbbott HouseVanwall Business ParkVanwall RoadMaidenheadSL6 4XEUK
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
01 January 2001
10. Date of revision of the text
BGP Products Ltd.
Abbott House, Vanwall Business Park, Vanwall Road, Maidenhead , SL6 4XE
+44 (0)1628 644471
+44 (0)1628 773355
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